武羽晓,邢立亭,袁春鸿,吕晶.“灰岩天窗”对济南泉水水化学组分的影响[J].西北地质,2022,55(2):237-248 WU Yuxiao,XING Liting,YUAN Chunhong,LÜ Jing.Influence of “Limestone Skylight” on Hydrochemical Composition of Jinan Spring[J].Northwestern Geology,2022,55(2):237-248
“灰岩天窗”对济南泉水水化学组分的影响
Influence of “Limestone Skylight” on Hydrochemical Composition of Jinan Spring
投稿时间:2021-07-01  修订日期:2021-11-30
DOI:10.19751/j.cnki.61-1149/p.2022.02.021
中文关键词:  济南;泉水;水化学组分;“灰岩天窗”
英文关键词:Jinan;spring water;hydrochemical composition;"limestone skylight"
基金项目:国家自然科学基金“北方岩溶水系统优势径流通道特征研究(41772257)”;山东省高校院所创新团队项目“济南岩溶大泉水循环过程及污染防控(2018GXRC012)”联合资助。
作者单位E-mail
武羽晓 山东省地质矿产勘查开发局八〇一水文地质工程地质大队(山东省地矿工程勘察院), 山东 济南 250014
山东省地下水环境保护与修复工程技术研究中心, 山东 济南 250014 
 
邢立亭 济南大学水利与环境学院, 山东 济南 250002 1054225685@qq.com 
袁春鸿 山东省地质矿产勘查开发局八〇一水文地质工程地质大队(山东省地矿工程勘察院), 山东 济南 250014
山东省地下水环境保护与修复工程技术研究中心, 山东 济南 250014 
 
吕晶 山东省地质矿产勘查开发局八〇一水文地质工程地质大队(山东省地矿工程勘察院), 山东 济南 250014
山东省地下水环境保护与修复工程技术研究中心, 山东 济南 250014 
 
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中文摘要:
      泉水水化学组分逐年在上升,影响水质的因素较多。济南泉群出露区及附近分布有3处“灰岩天窗”,面积约0.6 km2,是孔隙水与岩溶水水力联系点,易造成泉水污染。笔者以“灰岩天窗”周边地下水样品测试数据及天窗岩溶水与区域岩溶水样品测试数据为基础,采用多元数理统计法,运用水动力场与水化学场理论,进行了水化学组分研究。结果表明,“灰岩天窗”孔隙水易遭受污染,枯水期孔隙水水位高于岩溶水水位,污染孔隙水补给岩溶水,“灰岩天窗”是影响泉水水化学组分的因素之一。
英文摘要:
      The chemical composition of spring water is increasing year by year, and there are many factors affecting water quality. There are three "limestone skylight" distributed in and near the exposed area of Jinan spring group, with an area of about 0.6 km2. They are the hydraulic connec-tion point between pore water and karst water, which is easy to cause spring water pollution. Based on the test data of groundwater samples around the "limestone skylight" and the test data of skylight karst water and regional karst water samples, the hydrochemical components are studied by using the theory of hydrodynamic field and hydrochemical field.The results show that the pore water of "limestone skylight" is easy to be polluted. The pore water level in dry season is higher than that of karst water and the polluted pore water supplies karst water.Therefore, the "limestone skylight" is one of the factors affecting the Hydrochemical Composition of spring water.
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