杜蔺,曾道国,李阳,苏永虎,巩鑫,文愿运.论固体矿产绿色勘查的重要意义——以新民绿色勘查示范为例[J].西北地质,2021,54(1):256-268 DU Lin,ZENG Daoguo,LI Yang,SU Yonghu,GONG Xin,WEN Yuanyun.On the Significance of Green Exploration of Solid Minerals——Taking Xinmin Green ExplorationDemonstration as an Example[J].Northwestern Geology,2021,54(1):256-268
论固体矿产绿色勘查的重要意义——以新民绿色勘查示范为例
On the Significance of Green Exploration of Solid Minerals——Taking Xinmin Green ExplorationDemonstration as an Example
投稿时间:2020-05-24  修订日期:2020-09-14
DOI:10.19751/j.cnki.61-1149/p.2021.01.024
中文关键词:  重要意义;绿色勘查;固体矿产;新民;贵州
英文关键词:significance;green exploration;solid mineral;Xinmin;Guizhou
基金项目:国家自然科学基金资助项目“我国西南(贵州)喀斯特地区特色矿产成矿理论及综合利用”(U1812402)
作者单位E-mail
杜蔺 贵州省有色金属和核工业地质勘查局地质矿产勘查院, 贵州 贵阳 550005  
曾道国 贵州省有色金属和核工业地质勘查局地质矿产勘查院, 贵州 贵阳 550005 826845843@qq.com 
李阳 中国科学院地球化学研究所, 贵州 贵阳 550081  
苏永虎 贵州省有色金属和核工业地质勘查局地质矿产勘查院, 贵州 贵阳 550005  
巩鑫 贵州省有色金属和核工业地质勘查局地质矿产勘查院, 贵州 贵阳 550005  
文愿运 中国科学院地球化学研究所, 贵州 贵阳 550081  
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中文摘要:
      固体矿产勘查为国民经济建设和社会发展提供了强有力的资源保障。传统固体矿产勘查因经常采用探槽、浅井、坑道、钻孔等探矿工程,对生态环境造成较大的负面影响。为深入探讨固体矿产绿色勘查在节能减排、环境保护、和谐勘查等方面的作用,以贵州省道真县新民铝土矿绿色勘查示范为例,详细介绍示范区的生态环境与资源情况,并将传统固体矿产勘查与绿色勘查对环境的影响程度进行分析对比。结果表明:通过科学的工程布置,调整对生态环境影响较大的勘查设备,运用先进的勘查技术手段,降低了能源消耗,减少了污染物排放,同时在很大程度上减少了地质勘查活动对生态环境的破坏;通过合理的钻机场地分区布置、建设,环保型冲洗液的应用,科学规范的钻孔封闭,可减少对环境的扰动,保护地下水环境。通过环境恢复治理,可短期内恢复破坏的生态环境,使地质勘查与生态环境保护相协调发展;绿色勘查实施可增加当地收入,助推脱贫攻坚战略,构建和谐地勘环境。综上所述,固体矿产绿色勘查能实现节能减排的良好效果,可在很大程度上减少对生态环境的扰动,能最大限度地恢复生态环境,构建和谐共赢的地勘环境,实现地质找矿和环境保护的双赢。
英文摘要:
      Solid mineral exploration provides resource guarantee for national economic construction and social development. Traditional solid mineral exploration often uses such prospecting projects as trenches, shallow wells, tunnels,and boreholes, which have a greater negative impact on the ecological environment. To discuss in depth the role of solid mineral green exploration in energy conservation, emission reduction, environmental protection, and harmonious exploration, this article introduced in details the ecological environment and resources of the demonstration area and compared the impact of traditional solid mineral exploration and green exploration on the environment,taking as an example of Xinmin bauxite mine green exploration demonstration, which is in Daozhen County, Guizhou Province. Results show that energy consumption and pollutant emissions can be reduced through scientific engineering layout, adjustment of exploration equipment that has a greater impact on the ecological environment, and the use of advanced exploration techniques. Meanwhile the damage to the ecological environment caused by geological exploration activities can also be greatly reduced.The disturbance to the environment can be reduced and the groundwater environment can also be protected by reasonable layout and construction of drilling site, the application of environmental protection washing liquid and the scientific and standard closure of drilling hole.Through environmental restoration and governance, the damaged ecological environment can be restored so that geological exploration and ecological environment protection develop harmoniously.The implementation of green exploration increases local income, promotes poverty alleviation strategies, and builds a harmonious geological survey environment. In summary, the green exploration of solid minerals is of great benefit in energy saving and emission reduction. It can reduce the disturbance to the ecological environment, can restore the ecological environment to the greatest extent, and can also build a harmonious and win-win geological exploration environment.
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