李国政.新时代矿山地质修复模式的升级与重塑:基于“地质修复3.0”的概念分析[J].西北地质,2019,52(4):270-278 LI Guozheng.Upgrading and Reshaping of Mine Geological Restoration Model in New Era: Conceptual Analysis Based on “Geological Restoration 3.0”[J].Northwestern Geology,2019,52(4):270-278
新时代矿山地质修复模式的升级与重塑:基于“地质修复3.0”的概念分析
Upgrading and Reshaping of Mine Geological Restoration Model in New Era: Conceptual Analysis Based on “Geological Restoration 3.0”
投稿时间:2018-11-25  修订日期:2019-03-26
DOI:
中文关键词:  生态文明;矿业模式;地质修复3.0;产业植入;跨界融合
英文关键词:ecological civilization;mining model;geological restoration 3.0;industry implantation;cross-border integration
基金项目:国家社会科学基金“新型工业化背景下西藏特色矿业开发道路研究”(批准号:15CMZ015)阶段性成果
作者单位
李国政 郑州轻工业学院经济与管理学院, 河南 郑州 450000 
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中文摘要:
      绿色发展视阈下的矿产资源综合利用理念与模式需要变革和升级。以单纯“复垦、复绿”为特征的地质修复1.0模式和以生态旅游区建设为特征的2.0模式已不能适应新形势下生态文明建设的要求,必然向以生态修复和多产业融合发展的3.0模式演化。地质修复3.0模式旨在构建完整的生态产业体系,最大限度地提供优质生态产品,其主要特征是跨界创新。宏观目标、中观目标与微观目标共同构成了3.0模式的目标体系;顶层设计、绿色生态、精准匹配、利益共享是其运行的主要原则。地质修复3.0模式实现了政府、企业、社区的三赢格局,是矿山生态修复的重要发展趋势。
英文摘要:
      Under the views of green development, the comprehensive utilization ideas and modes of mining resources need to be reformed and upgraded. The geological restoration 1.0 is characterized by "reclaiming and greening anew". The model 2.0, characterized by the construction of ecotourism areas, can no longer meet the requirements of the construction of ecological civilization under the new situations and circumstances, which must be evolved as the model 3.0 based on ecological restoration and integration and development of multi-industry. The geological restoration 3.0 aims to construct complete ecological industrial system and to provide ecological products of high quality with the maximum extent. This model is characterized by the cross-border innovation, its target systems are composed of macro goal, mesoscopic goal and micro goal, and its main operation principles are top-level design, green ecology, accurate matching and benefit sharing. The geological restoration 3.0 has realized the three-win pattern of government, enterprises and communities, which is an important development trend of mining ecological restoration.
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